Monitoring SDG6 on water and sanitation


Member States will need to decide on a suitable structure for implementing SDG 6 monitoring at the national level. The following pages provide guidance and recommendations on how this can be done, looking at success factors such as political support, a focus on data usage and the alignment with national processes and structures, as well as the wide range of stakeholders involved and the human and financial resources needed.

What does integrated monitoring look like at the country level?

  • Monitoring of all SDG 6 indicators is coordinated, and the subsequent data analysis is integrated. This can be achieved by appointing a national focal point to coordinate SDG 6 monitoring, and by convening an intersectoral monitoring team made up of the SDG 6 focal point, the leads of the technical teams (see below) and representatives from the national statistics office. The purpose of the interstectoral monitoring team would be to work with monitoring and data across indicators and sectors, to facilitate learning, and support integrated data analysis and use for policy- and decision-making.
  • Relevant stakeholders are involved and cooperate in the monitoring process. For example, the responsibility of national-level monitoring could be assigned to target/indicator-specific technical teams, reporting to the SDG 6 focal point. The technical teams would be led by the institution in charge of implementing the specific target/indicator, and comprise all relevant stakeholders including academia, non-governmental organizations and business.
  • Monitoring process is aligned with national processes and structures. For example, monitoring could be carried out as an integral part of the day-to-day operations of the ministries/institutions that are in charge of implementation, and data be used in national follow-up and review processes such as a joint sector review.
  • Data are being used for evidence-based policy- and decision-making, in support of integrated water resources management. To strengthen this, policy- and decision-makers could be appointed to coordinate the monitoring process (e.g. the SDG 6 focal point and the leads of each indicator-specific technical team.
  • Politicians appreciate the importance of monitoring and support it accordingly. To gain political support it is important to communicate how policy- and decision-making can be improved by having access to high quality data, i.e. the return of investment in monitoring.