Presenting target 6.a on international cooperation and capacity building

“By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies”

In 2014, more than USD 7 billion was disbursed as ODA, specifically targeted towards water supply and sanitation, constituting about 4% of the total ODA disbursed that year (source: OECD). In the same year, almost half of the countries participating in the 2014 GLAAS survey responded that they lacked more than 50% of the funds necessary to meet the MDG targets on drinking water and basic sanitation. (Photo credit: JCB Spares, Creative Commons Attribution)

In 2014, more than USD 7 billion was disbursed as ODA, specifically targeted towards water supply and sanitation, constituting about 4% of the total ODA disbursed that year (source: OECD). In the same year, almost half of the countries participating in the 2014 GLAAS survey responded that they lacked more than 50% of the funds necessary to meet the MDG targets on drinking water and basic sanitation. (Photo credit: JCB Spares, Creative Commons Attribution)

What is target 6.a about?

Although the implementation of SDG 6 is expected to generate benefits that widely exceed the costs of doing so, some hundreds of billions of dollars still need to be raised for the purpose. Needs are greatest in developing countries, calling for an increased mobilization of domestic funds, but also a significant scaling-up of external support. In this regard, target 6.a seeks to expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries. International cooperation refers to external aid in the form of grants or loans, including official development assistance (ODA). Capacity-building includes strengthening the skills, competencies and abilities in developing countries in regard to water governance and management.

Creating an enabling environment is an essential first step for succeeding with the implementation of any management response. The “means of implementation” targets 6.a and 6.b are complementary to the dedicated means of implementation goal (SDG 17) and its 19 targets, which focus on finance, technology, capacity-building, trade and systemic issues.

Global indicator 6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government coordinated spending plan

Definition: Amount and percentage of ODA that is included in a government coordinated spending plan, whether: (1) on treasury or (2) on budget. ODA flows are official financing with the main objective of promoting economic development and welfare of developing countries; they are concessional in character with a grant element of at least 25%. By convention, ODA flows comprise contributions from donor government agencies, at all levels, to developing countries, either bilaterally or through multilateral institutions. A government coordinated spending plan is defined as a financing plan/budget for water and sanitation projects, clearly assessing the available sources of finance and strategies for financing future needs.

Responsible for global compilation of data: WHO/UNEP on behalf of UN-Water