Roles and responsibilities SDG monitoring and reporting


...are the center and starting point for all monitoring and, through their national statistical system, in charge of their national monitoring. The national statistical system comprises the national statistics office but also line ministries and other national institutions engaged in monitoring (see Figure to the right).

Custodian agencies

...are United Nations bodies (and in some cases other international organizations) responsible for compiling and verifying country data and metadata, and for submitting the data, along with regional and global aggregates, to the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD). The agencies may also make the country data available in their own databases and use it for thematic reporting.

The country data need to be internationally comparable, and to this end, the agencies are also responsible for the development of international standards and recommended methodologies for monitoring. Another central responsibility of the custodian agencies is to strengthen national monitoring and reporting capacity.

When country data are missing, collected through a different methodology, or inconsistently reported by different sources, agencies may need to do estimates or to adjust the data together with the specific countries. All final data to be submitted to the UNSD will first be validated and approved by countries.


...will make country data and metadata, in addition to regional and global aggregates, available at the SDG Indicators Global Database. The data will also feed into the annual SDG progress reports, to inform follow-up and review at the HLPF. Although the main focus of the database will be the SDG global indicators, supporting datasets may be published as appropriate.


This page gives a brief overview of the different roles and responsibilities for global SDG monitoring and reporting, including how country data will be shared at the global level.

Data flow in SDG reporting, highlighting the central role of the national statistical system. Source: IAEG-SDG.

Data flow in SDG reporting, highlighting the central role of the national statistical system. Source: IAEG-SDG.

Regional mechanisms

...may – as appropriate – facilitate the transmission of data and metadata from the national to the global level. Regional mechanisms also have an important role to play in knowledge exchange and capacity building within the specific region, with a focus on regionally-important issues.

UN-Water and the Integrated Monitoring Initiative for SDG 6

...bring together the custodian agencies for all SDG 6 indicators and coordinate their efforts, so as to better support countries to monitor SDG 6 in an integrated manner with a strong focus on the institutional aspects of monitoring and the intersectoral nature of water and sanitation. Country data compiled and verified by the custodian agencies will be published by UN-Water in an SDG 6 data portal, to allow for a comprehensive assessment and analysis of the overall state of water and sanitation and progress towards SDG 6.