Monitoring transboundary cooperation (indicator 6.5.2)
6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation
Indicator 6.5.2 tracks the percentage of transboundary basin area within a country that has an operational arrangement for water cooperation.
An arrangement for water cooperation is a bilateral or multilateral treaty, convention, agreement or other formal arrangement between riparian countries that provides a framework for cooperation.
For the arrangement to be considered operational, the following criteria need to be fulfilled:
- Existence of a joint body
- Regular, formal communication between riparian countries (at least once a year)
- Joint or coordinated management plans or objectives
- Regular exchange of data and information (at least once a year).
How to progressively monitor?
Data are collected through a template from the ministries responsible for transboundary waters, from all countries sharing such waters. The reporting is combined with that of the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention).
Although the point of reference for indicator 6.5.2 is transboundary basins, the indicator is reported at the national level. In principle, the status of any given transboundary basin should be identical for all countries sharing that basin, which calls for coordination between these countries.
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and UNESCO compile country data on indicator 6.5.2 and supports countries in their monitoring efforts.
Flexible methodologies allow countries to start monitoring at a level in line with their national capacity and available resources
Disaggregation is essential to make data as useful as possible, and to make sure that no one is left behind
The Integrated Monitoring Guide seeks to support countries in monitoring SDG 6, building on what already exist in the country and from there advance progressively
In 2017, the methodologies will be implemented on a global scale, to enable the establishment of a global baseline in 2018.
Some 20 Member States and many other stakeholders met in Geneva, Swizterland on 29-30 January 2015 to discuss options for SDG 6 indicators and monitoring mechanisms