Monitoring sanitation and hygiene (indicator 6.2.1)
6.2.1 Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services, including a handwashing facility with soap and water
Target 6.2 seeks to achieve access for all to sanitation and hygiene - this page explains why and how to monitor progress towards the target, and what resources that are available for countries to do so
The indicator includes two components, one on sanitation and one on hygiene.
The first component on sanitation tracks the percentage of population using an improved sanitation facility at the household level that is not shared with other households, and where excreta are treated and disposed of in situ or transported and treated off-site.
Improved sanitation facilities include flush or pour-flush toilets to sewerage systems, septic tanks or pit latrines, improved pit latrines and composting toilets.
The second component on hygiene tracks the percentage of population with basic handwashing facilities in the home, where the presence of a handwashing facilities is used as a proxy for handwashing behaviour.
How to progressively monitor?
The extended scope of indicator 6.2.1 has implications on the monitoring process. During the MDG period, data were mainly collected from household surveys; with the SDG indicator, data on collection, treatment and reuse will also be gathered from institutions, utilities and other service providers.
Countries can start their monitoring effort with existing MDG data and gradually incorporate more information about on-site and off-site management of excreta and hygiene, as well as improve the data disaggregation. Data on 6.2.1 feeds directly into the monitoring of 6.3.1.
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) compile country data at the global level and supports countries in their monitoring efforts.