Who came up with the global indicators?
The development of the set of global indicators is led by countries themselves through their national statistics office, as members of the Inter-agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators (IAEG-SDG). The current set includes about 230 indicators and was agreed on by the United Nations Statistical Committee (which is made up of countries representatives) in March 2016 as a «practical starting point».
For each global indicator the IAEG-SDG has appointed a custodian, commonly a United Nation entity, which is in charge of compiling and verifying country data for the purpose of global reporting, as well as developing methodologies for monitoring the indicator.
Depending on the maturity of the methodology, and to what extent data are already collected, the IAEG-SDG has categorized the indicators in three different tiers.
Sustainable Development Goals Report
In terms of reporting on the global indicators, there will be an annual Sustainable Development Goals Report produced by the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), “primarily based on national official data sources” (§ 77 of the 2030 Agenda) with data for each indicator compiled by the responsible custodian. The annual follow-up and review at the global level, in the HLPF, will be based on this report.
Although the report will be produced on an annual basis, the frequency of country reporting on each indicator may be different and depending on the individual indicator; for some indicators it may make sense to report every or every second year, for others it may be sufficient with less frequent reporting.