What and why?
Although the implementation of SDG 6 is expected to generate benefits that widely exceed the costs of doing so, some hundreds of billions of dollars still need to be raised for the purpose. Needs are greatest in developing countries, calling for an increased mobilization of domestic funds, but also a significant scaling-up of external support. In this regard, target 6.a seeks to expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries. International cooperation refers to external aid in the form of grants or loans, including official development assistance (ODA). Capacity-building includes strengthening the skills, competencies and abilities in developing countries in regard to water governance and management.
Creating an enabling environment is an essential first step for succeeding with the implementation of any management response. The “means of implementation” targets 6.a and 6.b are complementary to the dedicated means of implementation goal (SDG 17) and its 19 targets, which focus on finance, technology, capacity-building, trade and systemic issues.